Created by John Mao (2020/03)
Editor’s Take note: SP stands for “Security and Protection”, and SS for “Security and Safety”.
When we seem again several years just after, we may well concur the summary that the coronavirus pandemic in 2020 is a significant turning level of world wide social and financial conditions, and it looks destined destiny of human currently being.
In the earlier decade, the world wide economic climate has been going downward spiral gradually, in the loop way that “going descent – pulled up by systems and governmental financial stimulus – going down again – pulled up again – “. The 2020 pandemic is a really big strike to make this spherical downward going worse.
There’re two Chinese previous expressing which I feel correctly explain the reality of human nature, the to start with is “no coffin, no tears”, the second is “ forget the pain when the wound has healed. ”.
As personal we may well study a good deal from what expert and become smarter and far more rational. But as group human currently being under no circumstances study the lessons from their background. Countless numbers years of our background notify us only a single detail: it is just a language repeater.
This pandemic is not the last a single, it is just a image and omen. The impending functions may well substantially far more incredible which will crack nevertheless our imaginations about “ excellent modifications, significant crisis, and tragic disasters”. As a compact get started, let’s settle for the reality that these virus and microorganisms will are living with us endlessly.
So, in our SP/SS marketplace, incredible modifications will acquire position, some could be observed previously, and several will arise in the near future.
Though I am a pessimist about the future, we men and women in technological innovation discipline have to be liable and obligate. Science and technological innovation has two significant outcomes to the social progress, the to start with a single is to be economic climate driver, the second is to resolve problems brought about by other social movements or variables. So to push economic climate and to treatment social problems are our obligation and industrial worth, which we all have to undertake.
Below conversations are all based on technological degree, not consist of enterprise administration and progress, money spend, etcetera., for the explanation that systems and products and solutions and the true significant basis.
1. The extension of the scope of SP/SS
This time throughout and just after the coronavirus pandemic, we can see and envision some pretty crucial modifications when we converse about what the SP/SS genuinely necessarily mean, and for what scope they can be purposeful and offer defense.
I propose my views on two new ideas which I name as “New SP/SS”, and “Grand SP/SS”.
In common SP/SS systems, these as watch and surveillance, accessibility/channel command, IT security, as effectively as security check, defense zone, intrusion prevention, explosion-evidence, etcetera., the targets of these defense systems are unauthorized, unlawful and violent behaviors of men and women.
From now on, the aims and targets of a security and defense system, should also consist of disease and pathogens, particularly the epidemic virus and microorganisms.
Wholesome safety would also be crucial to personal and even system security, harmful states of personal should be monitored, surveilled, analyzed and responded.
By adding the harmful states surveillance and processing into the common security system, we have a new system which I contact it the “New SP/SS”.
Numerous years back, we commenced to name the hazardous and harmful laptop method as “virus”, now it is time to use the first this means of virus in our security system, is it relatively ironical?
Right here are some scenarios to explain what the New SP/SS features will be:
- Clever surveillance and evaluation system, moreover the first targets, will include at least two varieties of variable into, the to start with form is scientific signals/index these as temperature, blood force, coronary heart price, and so on. The second form is some unconventional behaviors relevant to harmful states these as cough, sneeze, swipe eye usually, hand on head (usual gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and stand-tricky, transfer slow and unstable, etcetera. the New SP/SS system will also watch and evaluate these behaviors and ship warning or execute other true time response.
- In transportation security check system, moreover the offensive weapon and equipment, flammable and explosives check, body temperature monitoring would be a must.
- The accessibility command and interior surveillance of universities and some sensitive organizations need to have temperature check or even very simple and rapid health and fitness check, the remedies or devices of very simple and rapid medical assessment would be pretty promising.
- In monetary and governmental products and services home windows, long length and non-call (even hid) temperature monitoring system will be widely approved. Integrated with steel detecting system would be far better.
- In some closed transportation space these as ship, airplane, and educate, true time health and fitness monitoring is significant need to have. Associated techs and products and solutions will be preferred.
- Some mass-attendance conditions these as restaurant, cinema and theater, stadium, temperature monitoring will certainly be extra into the surveillance system.
What I name the “Grand SP/SS” means a whole system which will comprise of common SP/SS, as well as defense remedies for personal, and the community and info conversation website link the two pieces. The defense remedies for personal will be a mixture of novel personal security and health and fitness defense means which will be explained below. In the Grand SP/SS system, defense systems for firm and general public security will join with defense systems for personal so to make up a whole system on to the 5G, big info and cloud processing infrastructure.
The concepts of New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS propose pretty a good deal requires which should be contented, so to increase the definition and scope of common SP/SS notion. I consider that these new trend and new remedies will arise in two or three years.
two. The significant problems when structure New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS
As explained earlier mentioned, the Grand SP/SS consist of protections for firm and general public curiosity, as effectively as for personal security and health and fitness. The latter is disregarded by common SP/SS systems.
To structure a New and Grand SP/SS system, there’re two significant problems. Contactless structure, and lively safeguarding solution for personal.
The lively personal security and health and fitness defense structure may well consist of the pursuing:
- Novel and clever wearable system, gear or personal things.
- The risk and benefit for identity verification when less than these defense gear and things, how to use biometrics?
- What improvements on new sensors and wearable computing CPU should be the must?
- If the personal safeguarding solution has a true “shell”, then how to make the info gathering from outside the house and inside of of the shell? Also the info transmission among interior and outer should be carefully built.
- Particular defense should consist of the detection of the short-length surroundings and warning when hazardous and dangerous states be detected.
- Crisis response and actions should be regarded.
Contactless systems and types are most crucial in new and grand SP/SS systems. This kind of as:
- Contactless sensing and check, for example, contactless biometrics, contactless temperature/blood force/coronary heart price capturing, and unconventional behaviors monitoring, or even speedy medical check with out call.
- Distinct length for contactless types meet diverse requires, the length could be tens of centimeters, many meters, or tens of meters.
- Wireless info capture, transit and reception, in the networked system structure which mix personal defense gear with the SP/SS system.
- Quickly detection and checkup at user-conclusion, but connected with info centre and cloud processing (surveillance and evaluation) via IoT.
- Scalable system structure and flexible deployment.
- Link and info share with general public/national security and general public products and services, to variety a detailed system.
three. Merchandise trend in New and Grand SP/SS
In the near future, new products and solutions and remedies with the notion of new and grand SP/SS would be preferred, like the followings.
three.1. Surveillance and accessibility command
In addition to the first products and solutions and structure, the new clever surveillance system will also deal with heath states monitoring, which can be divided into two significant sectors: the essential index of health and fitness states these as body temperature, blood force and coronary heart price, etcetera., and some unconventional behaviors which show a harmful personal, these as cough, sneeze, swipe eye usually, hand on head (usual gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and difficult-to-stand, transfer slow and unstable, etcetera.
The new systems should capture, transmit, evaluate and retail store all the earlier mentioned indexes and info, with all these is effective and info on-line, to make up a networked, clever, and all-included surveillance system reliable with our new and grand SP/SS notion.
Contactless capturing and monitoring systems of body temperature and other health and fitness states index will widely built-in into surveillance and accessibility/channel command systems in general public places, transportation, schooling and clinic, governmental products and services, company and organizations. And these systems will are likely to share info or even processing means in the future, to variety an all-included social security and safety community.
Sensing and capturing systems on personal health and fitness state index, and the rapid evaluation and identification systems, will with each other variety the so termed QPC (speedy physical checkup) solution and will be widely approved in the near future.
All those thermal imaging system currently utilized in military foundation and prisons will be upgraded, include into body temperature and other health and fitness states monitoring to variety an innovative multifunctional system .
Distinct sensors and novel analytical systems will be most crucial for earlier mentioned new applications. New sensors and analytical software package R&D will be speedy rising, big info and machine discovering would be their solid foundation.
three.two. Identity verification remedies
At present most accessibility/channel command, time attendance, IT security and ID card applications are all working with biometrics as identity verifying systems. Biometrics will also be widely utilized in the future but contactless techs would be far more competitive. Provided the unique problem when the end users have to be safeguarded with mask, goggles, gloves and protecting outfits, voice verification, iris verification and gait recognition would have far more prospect.
In some unconventional scenarios call biometrics these as fingerprint will remain approved. If it is upgraded to have contactless processing means it can receive far more acceptance. For example, given that we have some structure of gentle and flexible fingerprint sensor chip and wearable processing chip, we may well capture the fingerprints inside of (from the interior layer of) gloves, and then transmit wirelessly to a trusted outside the house verification engine, to make up a contactless and functional fingerprint verifying system even when the user is totally medical safeguarded (with mask, goggles, gloves, and protecting outfits).
Laser projection keyboard tech provides PIN a new and contactless use risk. This is a functional technological innovation currently.
Identity verification systems utilized in monetary and baking institutes, governmental products and services will meet new requires and troubles. Technique structure should consider two varieties of defense sectors which we explained earlier mentioned, solutions towards riot/theft and personal health and fitness states monitoring.
Facial recognition is latest most preferred in these application scenarios, but with a mask the system will fail. Iris and voice verification are predicted to be widely approved. Of class, if we include some unique features on to the common gear these as attaching UV gentle system, or computerized brushing on to the fingerprint capture window, we can make fingerprint pressing safely. This kind of enhancement may well also re-burst the legacy marketplace.
three.three. Protection for personal
Protection remedies based on personal health and fitness states are just about blank in marketplace, just after this pandemic, incredible chances will arise. If include into clever and community connecting means, that will make up the second significant section in new and grand SP/SS system.
We forecast the pursuing products properties for these improvements:
- Preserving products and solutions for respiratory system. Revolutionary mask/experience veil/medical hood/nasal stopper (for breath purification) would be promising. The innovation of these products and solutions should target on effortless and snug use, not only technological features. Also these new products and solutions should be electrical/electronic and clever as substantially as probable, so to join to history system community.
- Protective outfits with computerized pasteurization and sterilization. Some new resources or new drugs will make this functional.
- How to use biometrics less than whole medical defense is a really big problem and problem to the biometric marketplace. How to use or change to use existing systems, and how to establish new biometrics, will need to have to be contented. Capture biometrics inside of defense and contactless sensing are two significant key problems of R&D. Wireless transmission and trusted processing are crucial promise.
- Complete defense system for personal will consist of diverse sensors, wearable computing, wi-fi conversation, screen, and could be custom made.
- The detailed personal defense system should also detect and evaluate the surroundings states (air condition, radiation, other personal close by with harmful indexes, etcetera.) and automatically inform.
As to personal client products and solutions working with biometric systems, these as cell cellphone, clever lock and padlock, tablet and Computer, would not be required to use these contactless and wi-fi biometrics. But for these structure, if some innovation can effortlessly raise the health and fitness safety, that will enhance the marketplace again. For example, we can use unique resources to make the coating of the fingerprint sensor relatively antibacterial and virus resistance.
As a summary of earlier mentioned descriptions, let’s evaluation and make the pursuing conclusions:
– Classic security and defense system features, as well as the new content focused on personal health and fitness states monitoring to make the system safer and far more full, will with each other make up a new system, I name it as “ New SP/SS”, differ from common SP/SS.
– Particular defense system and gear will make personal physical and medical safer. The security and defense system for personal would also be electronic/electrical and connected wirelessly with SP/SS system, on the infrastructure and platform of 5G, IoT, big info and cloud processing, all these with each other compose a detailed SP/SS, which I name it as “Grand SP/SS system”. The New and Grand SP/SS ideas convey my significant points on the evolution trend of security and defense marketplace.
– As to what we can do from this moment, study of varieties of diverse sensors (contactless sensing and wi-fi transmit chips), and far more analytical software package (for example, S/W on evaluation of unconventional behaviors pertinent to harmful states) progress will be good choices. Device discovering will be most crucial to analytical software package progress. Of class, how to make some call systems change to be utilized contactlessly would also be meaningful is effective we can do now.