Implement authorization for Swagger in ASP.NET Core 6

Nancy J. Delong

When developing your .Internet 6 applications, you might frequently have to have to crank out API documentation. To do this, you could possibly use Swagger, a toolkit that would make it uncomplicated to provide a graphical illustration of your API. You can take a look at the API solutions inside of the Swagger UI after the API documentation is accessible.

If you could use an introduction to Swagger, I presented a single in an previously report. In this posting I’ll examine how we can employ primary authentication in Swagger. To function with the code examples delivered in this report, you ought to have Visible Studio 2022 installed in your process. If you don’t by now have a duplicate, you can obtain Visual Studio 2022 here.

Generate an ASP.Web Main World wide web API undertaking in Visible Studio 2022

1st off, let us generate an ASP.Net Core undertaking in Visible Studio 2022. Pursuing these ways to develop a new ASP.Net Core 6 Web API project in Visible Studio 2022:

  1. Launch the Visual Studio 2022 IDE.
  2. Click on on “Create new project.”
  3. In the “Create new project” window, choose “ASP.Internet Main Net API” from the checklist of templates shown.
  4. Click on Up coming.
  5. In the “Configure your new project” window, specify the title and area for the new project.
  6. Optionally check out the “Place resolution and venture in the similar directory” check out box, relying on your choices.
  7. Click on Subsequent.
  8. In the “Additional Information” window proven following, decide on .Net 6. as the focus on framework from the fall-down listing at the major. Established “Authentication Type” to “None” (default) and examine the last two verify boxes (Use controllers and Allow OpenAPI assist).
  9. Assure that the “Enable Docker” and “Configure for HTTPS” examine containers are unchecked as we will not be making use of people characteristics right here.
  10. Click on Create.

You ought to now have a new ASP.Web Core 6 World wide web API challenge completely ready to go. We’ll use this job in the subsequent sections of this report.

Configure Swagger to empower OpenAPI guidance

The OpenAPI Specification, formerly regarded as the Swagger Specification, defines a common, equipment-readable, programming language-agnostic interface description language for APIs. By correctly mapping all of the methods and processes associated with an API, a Swagger definition establishes a RESTful interface for conveniently coming up with and consuming the API.

Simply because we enabled OpenAPI assist when we created our ASP.Internet Core 6 Net API task, the Swashbuckle.AspNetCore deal will be included to the task quickly. Swashbuckle is an open supply challenge that allows the generation of Swagger documentation.

If you developed your challenge devoid of enabling OpenAPI guidance, you would have to install the Swashbuckle package by using the NuGet Offer Supervisor Console as revealed underneath.

PM> Install-Deal Swashbuckle.AspNetCore

When you open the System.cs file, you need to see the next code.

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args)
builder.Products and services.AddControllers()
builder.Companies.AddEndpointsApiExplorer()
builder.Companies.AddSwaggerGen()
var app = builder.Establish()
if (application.Atmosphere.IsDevelopment())

    app.UseSwagger()
    app.UseSwaggerUI()

application.UseAuthorization()
app.MapControllers()
application.Run()

The Swagger UI

And when you execute the application, you ought to see the Swagger UI exhibited in the website browser as demonstrated in Determine 1 under.

aspnet core 6 swagger 01 IDG

Figure 1. The Swagger UI.

As you can see, the Swagger UI shows the WeatherForecast controller that is designed by default when you build a new ASP.Web Core 6 API project. There is just a person HttpGet motion technique in this controller.

You can execute the endpoint devoid of acquiring to specify any authentication data, and the output must be identical to Determine 2.

aspnet core 6 swagger 02 IDG

Figure 2. The output of the HttpGet motion system in Swagger UI.

We’ll discover how to put into action authentication in Swagger soon. Let us 1st create a new API controller to validate user credentials and return a JSON World wide web Token (JWT) if the credentials are valid.

Create a login controller in ASP.Net Main 6

Make a new class named LoginDTO in a file with the same identify and a .cs extension. Now write the adhering to code in there.

    public class LoginDTO
   
        public string UserName get established
        general public string Password get established
   

Generate a new API controller named LoginController and insert the following code.

    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    public class LoginController : ControllerBase
    {
        [HttpPost, Route("login")]
        community IActionResult Login(LoginDTO loginDTO)
       
            test
           
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(loginDTO.UserName)
            catch
           
                return BadRequest
                ("An error transpired in generating the token")
           
            return Unauthorized()
       
    }

The LoginController is made up of only 1 HttpPost action method. Observe how the consumer qualifications are validated and the JWT token generated.

Safe the Swagger UI in ASP.Net Core 6

To put into practice authentication in Swagger, create the adhering to code in the Application class.

builder.Expert services.AddSwaggerGen(selection =>
{
    alternative.SwaggerDoc("v1", new OpenApiInfo Title = "Demo API", Version = "v1" )
    selection.AddSecurityDefinition("Bearer", new OpenApiSecurityScheme
   
        In = ParameterLocation.Header,
        Description = "Make sure you enter a legitimate token",
        Title = "Authorization",
        Sort = SecuritySchemeType.Http,
        BearerFormat = "JWT",
        Scheme = "Bearer"
    )
    option.AddSecurityRequirement(new OpenApiSecurityRequirement
    {
       
            new OpenApiSecurityScheme
           
                Reference = new OpenApiReference
               
                    Style=ReferenceType.SecurityScheme,
                    Id="Bearer"
               
            ,
            new string[]
       
    })
})

Utilize the Authorize attribute in ASP.Net Core 6

Up coming, use the Authorize attribute on the HttpGet action process of the WeatherController as demonstrated in the code snippet supplied below.

[HttpGet(Name = "GetWeatherForecast"), Authorize]
public IEnumerable Get()

   return Enumerable.Assortment(1, 5).Select(index => new WeatherForecast
  
                Date = DateTime.Now.AddDays(index),
                TemperatureC = Random.Shared.Upcoming(-20, 55),
                Summary = Summaries[Random.Shared.Next(Summaries.Length)]
   )
   .ToArray()

With the Authorization attribute utilized, an authentication token will now be demanded to execute this endpoint in Swagger.

aspnet core 6 swagger 03 IDG

Figure 3. The Authorize button in the Swagger UI.

Make a JWT token in ASP.Internet Main 6

Now, execute the HttpPost action technique of the LoginController and specify the credentials as proven in Figure 4.

aspnet core 6 swagger 04 IDG

Determine 4. The JWT token is generated.

Last of all, you can execute the exact endpoint once again in the Swagger UI following specifying the authentication token. The endpoint will get the job done this time and you will be ready to see the output in the Swagger UI.

Swashbuckle is a great device for making Swagger files for your API. It is really simple to configure and customise. You can use Swagger with minimum APIs in ASP.Net Core 6 as effectively.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

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